The city of Akron, Ohio, has agreed to make extensive improvements to its sewer system to reduce or eliminate sewage overflows that have long polluted the Cuyahoga River and its tributaries. According to a Clean Water Act settlement lodged in U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio, the city is required to develop and implement a comprehensive plan to reduce or eliminate
- untreated overflows of sanitary sewage and storm water from its combined sewer system; and
- bypasses around secondary treatment at the wastewater treatment plant.
The city’s sewage and wastewater discharges flow into the Cuyahoga River, the Little Cuyahoga River, the Ohio Canal and their tributaries and contribute to the impairment of water quality in those waterways. The Cuyahoga River, an American Heritage River, flows through Cuyahoga Valley National Park and the Cleveland metropolitan area, to Lake Erie.
Over the course of the next year, the city will perform extensive analyses to identify appropriate methods of controlling or eliminating these discharges. After an opportunity for public participation, the federal and state governments will evaluate the results and require the city to implement appropriate improvements at various milestones, achieving full operation no later than Oct. 15, 2028.
In addition to the projects identified through the year-long analysis, over the next six years, the city will expand capacity at its wastewater treatment plant to allow for treatment of at least an additional 20 million gallons of wastewater per day. Also, over the next eight years, the city will construct separate sewer lines for five combined sewer outfall points.
Finally, the city will engage in comprehensive capacity, maintenance and emergency response programs to improve sewer system performance and to eliminate releases from the sewer collection system, including basement backups, releases into buildings, and onto property.
As part of the settlement, the city will pay a $500,000 civil penalty and provide $900,000 to fund the removal of the Brecksville (Route 82) Dam on the Cuyahoga River, as a state supplemental environmental project. EPA estimates that the dam removal will contribute to a significant improvement in water quality in the Lower Cuyahoga River.
The settlement resolves a lawsuit brought by the federal government against the city in February 2009, which the State of Ohio later joined. In that lawsuit, the federal and state governments alleged that the city of Akron illegally discharged from its aging combined sewer system and treatment plant more than one billion gallons of untreated combined sewage and wastewater each year into the Cuyahoga River, the Little Cuyahoga, the Ohio Canal and their tributaries.
Among other things, the governments further alleged that on several hundred occasions over the past seven years, failures in the City’s sewer system resulted in releases of sewage into individuals’ homes and property.
The consent decree, lodged in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio, is subject to a 60-day public comment period and approval by the federal court. A copy of the consent decree and a summary of the agreement are available on the Justice Department Web site at http://www.justice.gov/enrd/Consent_Decrees.html.